The ITAM Review

News, reviews and resources for worldwide ITAM, SAM and Licensing professionals.

BANES Council forced to pay their Microsoft tax – or are they?

A recent report from Bath & North East Somerset (BANES) council gives some great insight into the world of local authorities, infrastructure, technical debt, and Microsoft licensing.

What’s happening?

Relating to a decision taken on March 26th, 2019, the council report “IT Asset & License Refresh Programme 2019/2020” points out that January 2020 sees the end of support for many Microsoft products including:

  • Windows 7
  • Office 2010
  • Microsoft Exchange Email (sic)
  • Windows Server 2008

And that “all upgrades and Security patches for new vulnerabilities will no longer be issued to protect these key council systems”.

They identify that something must be done as running this smorgasbord of unsupported software and systems would cause them to lose their central government PSN (Public Services Network) accreditation.

It does state within the council documents that they’ve been working on this situation since 2017, but it’s still somewhat worrying that – with 8 months to go – things are yet to start moving.

Public Services Network access

The PSN is used to enhance the security of shared data and services throughout government systems because, as it states, “the security of any one user connected to the PSN affects both the security of all other users and the network itself”. Without this accreditation, the local council will be unable to process “anything from central Government agencies”, including:

  • Benefits
  • Public Health / NHS systems
  • Children’s social care

Clearly retaining PSN certification is critically important, as losing it would significantly affect the lives of countless residents.

BANES current situation

The report makes it clear that their “current portfolio is 5-7 years old” and so their desktop and server hardware will need to be replaced before they can upgrade to Windows 10.

They also state that their Enterprise Agreement renewal is June 2019 and the new agreement on offer will land them with an annual charge of £450,000, compared to £214,000 under the current contract. Due to this increased cost, they plan to “buy-out” the current licenses – giving them perpetual licenses for Office 2016 and Windows 10.

There’s no information as to the cause of this price increase. It seems likely it is due to Microsoft steering them towards Microsoft 365, but I’d be interested to see exactly what the current contract looks like – what does it contain, when was it signed, any special terms etc. – and compare that to what’s included in the next version of the contract.

I’d also like to see exactly how an annual fee of £214,000 equals a buyout cost of £721,000 (as per the “Microsoft License Fees” in the accompanying documents)…especially as it also states a separate agreement is being set up for “Homeworking and Database client licenses” which will cost £200,000 a year. What products, and quantities, are included on that agreement?

Government and Office 365

Microsoft has recently been touting how Office 365 meets the “14 Cloud Security Principles” laid out by the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), with the government body saying “The advice aims to help…public sector colleagues check and improve the security stance of their Office 365 deployments”

However, having read through the documents associated with this situation in BANES, one gets the impression that, as an organisation, they’re not ready for the new way of working presented by cloud services.

The plan

The project milestones listed are:

  • 120 servers to be upgraded to Windows Server 2012
  • Replace 250 PCs and laptops with Windows 10 devices
  • Upgrade 150 PCs and laptops to Windows 10
  • Replace a Storage Area Network (SAN)
  • Upgrade email servers & Office
  • Buy out Microsoft EA

It should be noted that Windows Server 2012 falls out of extended support 10/10/2023 – so they’re simply moving the problem 4 years further down the line. Upgrading to Windows Server 2019, the current edition, would give them an extra 5 (and a bit) years – with extended support ending January 9th, 2029.

Both Office 2016 and 2019 leave extended support on October 14, 2025, as do Exchange Server 2016 and 2019.


Approval has been given for £1,471,000 of funding for 2019/2010, which will be allocated like so:

The documents show that a further £955,000 has been allocated for 2020 – 2024:

Making a total of £2,426,000 allocated over 5 years to this “IT Asset & License Refresh”. As noted above, in just over 4 years’ time, they will need to upgrade their Windows Servers again and, as they say themselves in the documentation, when Office 2016 falls out of support they will “again…face a choice of either a large capital purchase or sign up to another Microsoft subscription service”

It seems apparent that the bulk of the hardware cost isn’t on new client devices, but rather on back-end hardware for the “Storage Area Network”, and that only approx. 50% of the money is being paid to Microsoft. Whilst some might argue that the huge expense on upgrading the back-end systems is “due to Microsoft”, I don’t subscribe to that argument. Technology moves on and I don’t think any software vendor can be on the hook for the fact that their software has hardware requirements that can’t be met by systems that are approaching a decade in age.

Other Options

The council list other options that have been considered, and reasons for their rejection:

Partner hosted infrastructure

Rejected as pricing was “substantially higher than our current annual revenue and projected capital costs and did not cover all systems and requirements”. Documents state this was over £500,000 per year for part of their infrastructure.

Renewing Enterprise Agreement

Rejected as the annual increase of £236,000 was considered too high.

Continue to sweat assets and pay for additional extended support

Rejected as desktops and laptops are already 5-7 years old, and servers supporting VDI are “over 7 years old cannot be upgraded for the additional processor and memory requirements” needed.


There are a few things at play here.

This is an example of how sweating assets perhaps just delays the inevitable and can leave you with a large one-time bill. Had the council upgraded the hardware on a rolling basis, they wouldn’t now need over £500,000 from this annual budget.

Why are they upgrading their Windows servers to a product that is 7 years old and already into extended support? Is this due to application incompatibility with internal and/or 3rd party applications?

What is Microsoft offering in the new EA? The annual price increase is certainly significant – could more have been done to reach an agreement with BANES council so they could renew? Is there a full understanding of what is included in the new offering – could spend be reduced in other areas as a result of what’s included?

I don’t have all the information here at all, but it certainly appears to be an interesting look at how technical debt and the rise of the cloud can make things difficult, end expensive, for some organisations.

I wonder how involved ITAM have been throughout these discussions and decisions – who decided to move to Windows Server 2012, rather than 2019 – or even 2016? Are they using existing Windows Server 2012 licenses to avoid licensing by core rather than by processor perhaps?

This all helps shows how, with the rise of cloud, technical debt is becoming an ever-bigger problem. Whether due to the user experience degrading, or incompatibilities with newer technologies, helping your organisation modernise is key – and ITAM can, and should be, an integral part of that change.

*If anyone from BANES Council and/or their Microsoft partner would like to get in touch to discuss further, please do –*

Further Reading

Public Services Network –

BANES Report –

Spend breakdown –

Microsoft Product Lifecycle –

UK Government and Office 365 –

NCSC Cloud Security Principles –

About Rich Gibbons

Rich has been in the world of IT and software licensing since 2003, having been a software sales manager for a VAR, a Microsoft licensing endorsed trainer, and now an ITAM analyst looking at software licensing and cloud.

A Northerner renowned for his shirts, Rich is a big Hip-Hop head, and loves travel, football in general (specifically MUFC), baseball, Marvel, and reading as many books as possible. Finding ways to combine all of these with ITAM & software licensing is always fun!

Connect with Rich on Twitter or LinkedIn.


  1. Graham says:

    $450k pa to provide support (probably limited to servers) and upgrades (mostly for desktop, in any given year) for 400 users.

    This sounds like a punishment beating.

  2. Ian Gatehouse says:

    Interesting article Rich, as a public sector employee some of these issues resonate with me

  3. One way to look at it is that they have sweated their assets and had their money ‘s worth.

    By not upgrading, these refresh costs are simply deferred costs.

    I also suspect that headcount has reduced and they may be able to spread costs like Windows and Exchange servers by using Azure and O365.

    The main IT spend in Councils are applications such as Revs and Bens, so although this seems like a lot of money, it is moderate by comparison.

    It is also worth bearing in mind that the refresh costs would be written down over five years.

  4. Steve Arkwright says:

    Bath and North East Somerset Council should have the guts to migrate their workforce wholesale to Linux Mint 19 and save a fortune. Pretty sure their expensive new Windows servers can accommodate that — now Microsoft are offering services for Linux.

    That’s what the government of South Korea are doing and what some British police forces and Ford America did.

    Put SSD’s in those seven year-old laptops and desktops, max out the RAM (cheap now), BANES could extend their initial investment even further.

    Let’s be straight: the interface isn’t hugely different to Win10 and neither is LibraOffice from MS Office.

    What’s stopping them? Anything?…

Leave a Comment